DO-NOTS

Avoidable Concerns- Septic Do not’s

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Septic systems cost on average between $25, 000 to $45,000. They have a life span even with regular pumping of about 30 years. To make sure your system runs as efficiently and long as possible let’s discuss what NOT to put down your drains and into your septic system.

Five Avoidable Concerns

Cat litter.

Yes the box SAYS septic system safe. And if it was only a couple of times, maybe that’s correct. However, cats use the litter box daily and it is a lot of substance for a septic to handle day after day.

Dog waste.

Think of what your dog eats. Rawhide chews don’t dissolve in your dog and they won’t in you septic either.

Coffee grounds.

The hard texture does not break down easily.

Food scraps.

It’s tempting to dispose of your leftovers by stuffing them down your kitchen drain, but by throwing meat scraps in the trash and using a compost heap for coffee grounds, eggshells and other food waste will extend the life of your septic!

Garbage disposals aren’t a great idea for homes with septic systems, it is just too tempting. You want to put things in your septic which will dissolve over time. The composted fertilizer of your scraps will be a benefit to your garden and lawn.

Grease.

After making some tasty bacon, don’t pour the remaining grease down your drain. Over time the pipes will become coated with it, making it harder for water to flow freely. Grease doesn’t break down the same way that human waste does. And if enough oil and grease is coating your pipes and hoses, there is the concern of a sewage backup. Septic systems cost enough without additional repairs that can be avoided.

Instead of pouring grease or oil down the drain, pour it into a glass jar or empty tin can.Remember to let the grease or oil cool off first. When filled they can be tossed out in the garbage. Also wipe out pans with a paper towel prior to washing in the sink or dishwasher.

Taking care of what goes down your drains and by extension into your septic system will give you piece of mind in the years ahead as toilets flush and water runs.

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What Not To Flush -Part 2

It Sounded Like a Good Idea at the Time

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Sometimes you have something in your hand and think, ‘this will be okay’ and if it’s someone toothbrush and there’s grout to clean and you’re annoyed at them, well maybe. However if it is something you know shouldn’t go down to your septic, then no. Just no. Back away from the drain and toss it in the trash.

Easiest way to think of what works for a septic tank digestion is bio-degradable. And even then not ALL things bio-degradable get to go down your drain.

Animal feces - Cat and dog waste need to be put in the trash.

-Indoor cats use litter boxes and even if it says right one the box septic friendly. It isn’t. The material used in litter boxes can clog your pipes and cause blockages in the septic systems itself.

-Whatever dogs eat, and they eat some interesting things, goes in one end and comes out the other. It is more ecologically friendly to dispose of feces in the trash.

Medicine – Please dispose of properly.

-Most towns have several places to drop off unneeded medicine

-If put down drains it can affect groundwater as well nearby streams or lakes.

Hazardous chemicals - Your septic system needs good bacteria to break down waste.

-Heavy chemicals like bleach, motor oil, paint and poisonous chemicals are big DON’Ts for your septic tank.

-This will contaminate your soil.

-Dispose of these chemicals and items like them properly and use environmentally safe cleaning products for your sinks and bathrooms.

-Fabric softeners, although they make clothes feel soft, comes at a price as they are coated in chemicals. And the last place they need to be is in a septic system.

A few other items that need to thrown in the trash and not down your drains are sanitary napkins or tampons; cigarette butts, earplugs, cotton balls and paper towels or dental floss.

All these items can seriously interfere with a productive, healthy septic system. At all costs you want to avoid anything that will cause clogs or blockages in the pipes or upset the balance of the good bacteria that breaks down waste. Protecting your septic system not only helps groundwater and nearby water to stay healthy but also allows for your septic system to continue providing for your home and family.

getting the right septic tank

Getting the Right Septic Tank

Having a licensed septic professional look over your septic system on a regular basis can save you time, money and worry. Much can go wrong with your septic tank, from issues with the tank itself or the contents within the tank. Proper Maintenance allows your tank to last a good long time.

Septic tanks come in a variety of materials:

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Concrete:

  • These are the most common type of septic tanks.
  • They are susceptible to cracking or having seam separation.
  • Can last 40 or more years when properly maintained.
  • Will require heavy machinery to shift into place.
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Fiberglass:

  • These are lightweight and less vulnerable to cracking
  • The lower weight makes them more likely to suffer structural damage.
  • Tanks can shift in the soil.
  • Environmental changes like soil erosion or soil acidity can have an effect.
  • Tank can be repaired far easier than either steel or concrete
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Plastic:

  • Less costly as there is no need for heavy machinery.
  • Incapable of rusting.
  • They can be damaged upon installation.
  • The tank can float to the surface if not properly installed.
  • Will last 30-40 years.
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Steel:

  • These are the least durable. A steel septic tank will more likely rust out due to soil acidity, steel quality and coating integrity
  • The covers often the first thing to corrode, leaving a dangerous access to the tank.
  • If buying a home with a steel septic tank, get an inspection prior to closing.
  • Lifespan is 15-20 years if maintained properly.
  • Due to rust and often developing perforations (holes) over time, they are difficult to remove.

Having Tri-county Septic professional team on your side will help with deciding which tank is right for your family size as well as what works on your property. Additionally they can help with the regulations regarding your town’s ordinances as to which septic tanks are acceptable.

After having your tank installed, there are a few things for you to avoid to make sure your tank last as long as it can.

  • Never park cars or trucks on top of the septic tank or the drainfield.
  • Plant only grass seed on top of the tank and drainfield.
  • Plant trees well away from the area and look for trees without extensive root reach.

By working with a professional septic company and taking reasonable precautions your septic tank, whichever one is chosen, will last for many years to come.

why maintaining your septic is crucial

Why Maintaining Your Septic System is Crucial

If you like saving money and don’t like stinky surprises, then getting your septic system on a regular plan of maintenance is the way to go. Most people are only concerned with getting their septic tank pumped, not realizing that the system has other parts which are important as well. Yes, of course getting your septic tank pumped needs to be done on a three to five year basis. Having Tri-county Septic come out to do it, enables them to also check on the condition of your tank and its components. Septic tanks like many things in life do not last forever, having a professional do an assessment for dings or cracks is a cost saving measure.

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Is your float switch active?

Most septic systems have alarms, many people see the green light flickering and assume everything is okay. The problem arises when the alarm is no longer attached to anything. Often over time the coated wires become corroded, leaving an alarm’s green light blinking merrily along. Generally, the alarm is connected to the float switch. When the float rises it is supposed to set off the alarm which is a red light along with beeping, it is a warning that the liquid inside the tank is rising. This can only happen if the alarm is functional.

Other reasons the float switch might activate:

Too much water is being put through the septic system.

Several long showers as well as an increased amount of laundry can cause too much water usage. Sometimes the solution is an easy one. Use as little water as possible for a day or so and do a couple of pump cycles to see if the float regulates.

Ground water is getting into the system.

Heavy rain may cause seepage. When too much standing water occurs around the septic tanks, the water can seep into the tanks causing the water level to rise inside of the tanks.

Something may be wrong with one of the septic system’s components.

The pump, floats, alarm, timer, etc. may have something wrong that is notallowing them to work properly.

As you can see having a properly working alarm system allows for you to have advanced warning on a possible failing of your septic system or its components. Letting the professionals at Tri-County Septic maintain your septic system is a win for you.

Before Your Septic System Fails

Before a Septic System Fails….

It Leaks

Out of sight out of mind is great for some things and not for septic systems. Although your septic system is hidden, it still needs regular maintenance. Let’s look at some of the common reasons your septic is leaking.

  • Clogs in the pipes from solids. Many items should NOT go down your drains, grease and oils from cooking should be disposed of separately.
  • Other blockages can be caused by trees planted too close to the system.
  • Broken pipes or sewer lines in the system.
  • Failure to maintain the septic system.

Routine maintenance includes pumping the septic tank every 3 to 5 years, depending on the system you have and how many people are using it. A yearly inspection can prevent small issues from becoming expensive repairs

Other signs your septic system may be leaking:

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  • Foul odor- Smelling sewer gases. One of the system's lids could be damaged or out of position. Sewer gases could also be escaping from the tank body itself, it might be the tank body may have cracks or holes. See how long the odor lasts and where it is coming from, the tank or the drainfield.
  • Soggy ground– You may notice that the area around your tank is soggy; this could be septic tank water coming out of the ground. However if you have an inground sprinkler system, check that first.
  • Standing water around the septic tank- When soil is exposed to wet conditions over long periods, it will often get compacted. If there is a leak in your tank, water coming from the leak could cause the nearby soil to settle and drop down as a result.
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  • Alarm Sounds- Newer septic systems have a built-in alarm that will alert you of problems. These alarms either emit a beeping noise or flash a red light, and they can be located either inside or outside of your house. It is important to be mindful of them and test them yearly to make sure the alarm is working.
  • Cleaning products can kill the useful bacteria- The bacteria found in a septic tank helps break down the wastewater before it continues to the drainage field. When the levels of bacteria in the tank are insufficient, the solids will not break down. This can lead to clogging of the pipes. The levels of bacteria can drop as a result of cleaning products present in the wastewater. Cleaning products that are toxic to human beings will also kill off the bacteria that are necessary to maintain a septic system. Be aware that cleaning products of bleach, toilet cleaners and disinfectants ought not make their way into the waste piping.

DO:

  • Find the exact location of your septic system – generally it will be ten to fifteen feet out from your basement access
  • Call the professionals at Tri-County Septic to address your concerns and maintenance of your septic system

DO NOT:

  • DO NOT pump water from your tank into your yard. This is fecal matter and other pollutants which can poison the ground as well as children and pets. Also water from your tank will adversely affect ponds or streams it runs into.
  • DO NOT attempt to go down into the system without wearing protective gear. The gasses are poisonous. It is time to call in the Pros.

Taking the time to keep your septic system in good repair not only helps extend its life, more importantly it keeps you and your family, as well as surrounding waterways safe.

when to call the pros

When to Call the Professionals

Septic systems are the one foundation components of your home that is easy to forget about. Literally, out of sight out of mind and a septic system is actually that. However, in addition to keeping the effluence out of your home and disposing of it safely, there are times when a professional is necessary. Knowing when the last time your septic system was pumped i.e. removal of sludge from the system is helpful to knowing its health. Depending on the system you have and how many people are in the home septic pumping will be every 3 to 5 years. Pumping out the system extends the life of your septic and helps protect the delicate pipe system.

Listed below are three conditions that will require the expertise of Tri-County Septic

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Water Backup

  • Slow draining pipes, particularly in the kitchen and bathroom sinks.
  • Gurgling noises within the plumbing.
  • Toilets either are slow to drain or don’t empty and using a plunger does nothing.

There could just be a blockage in the pipes or a sign the system needs to be pumped.

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EWW what’s that smell?

  • Anytime there is the smell of raw sewage or a Sulfur smell, inside or outside the home.

This is often a sign of septic leakage, it needs to be addressed as soon as possible.

soggy-ground

The grass should not be always greener:

  • Remember, seeing dead grass around your septic is not the issue.
  • Seeing bright green grass, particularly in the area of your septic.
  • When the ground feels soggy or water saturated and there hasn’t been much rain.

This may be an indication that a pipe or pipes have been has been comprised.

5 signs septic is failing

5 Signs Your Septic May be Failing

  1. Lush, Green Grass
    • What color is your grass? Is it a uniform color or are you seeing lush green grass? The grass should be the same color and consistency in the leach field as it is in any other part of your yard. This is a sign that your septic system is either full and overwhelming your leach field, or that it has a leak.
  2. Mud Puddles
    • Is there a pool of water on your leach field and it hasn’t rained lately? This can be a sign that the septic system is overflowing. When your tank reaches capacity, solid waste can clog the drainage field piping system, forcing liquid to the surface. It’s best to have your system pumped and inspected for leaks.
  3. Slow Drains
    • When the septic system is the culprit, you are likely to notice this in the lowest drains of your home first. If drains in sinks, tubs and toilets are draining more slowly on the lower level of your home than the upper levels, there could be a backup in your septic system. This could simply be a plumbing blockage, but either problem can be potentially serious if neglected, so please do not hesitate to call out a professional to assess the situation.
  4. Sewage Stench
    • Is there an aroma not unlike raw sewage emanating from your property? This unfortunate reminder that more than shower, sink and laundry water is in that pit is a sure sign of a septic issue. By the time you’re smelling this, you may have overlooked some of the other warnings in this article. Call Tri-County Septic today: 908-689-9088
  5. Sewage in Your Home
    • We hope for the health of your family that you never experience this unfortunate event. When a Septic Tank becomes overwhelmed, sewage will back up into the house and bubble up through your lower drains. If you have a one story house, this could be all of your drains. Once this occurs, the chances of extremely dangerous molds and bacteria damaging your home and family’s health jump sky high. This is not a “close the basement bathroom door and look away” situation. Especially as the stench will permeate that door, reminding you not-so-gently about the urgency of the situation.

If you notice any of these signs, please schedule a septic cleaning today:

Call Tri-County Septic Today 908-689-9088

Septic systems, when properly maintained, are environmentally friendly, and an extremely useful feature of your home. It’s important that out of sight does not remain out of mind. Neglecting basic septic maintenance can result in very costly repairs. In addition to the cost of septic repairs or septic replacements, your septic system will have to be excavated, potentially damaging your otherwise beautiful landscape.

You can maintain your septic system by pumping out your septic tank every 2-3 years, and avoid pouring chemicals down the drain that can damage your septic tank .

Call Tri-County Septic Today 908-689-9088

Serving Warren, Morris and Hunterdon Counties, New Jersey for over 30 years!

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17 Chemicals You Shouldn’t Put Down Your Drains

There are two very important things to remember when you are going to pour something down your drain.

The first is that your septic system does allow fluids to drain out through a leach field which will in turn, enter the environment and make its way into the local ecosystem.

The second is that your septic system requires bacteria to break down solids and prevent damage to your system.

Any substance that could be toxic to the water supply - or kill off the necessary bacteria in your septic tank, should never be emptied into your system in large quantities.

For instance, rinsing off a paintbrush that was used for varnish is fine. Pouring the leftover varnish down the drain? You'd better not.

17 Chemicals that you should limit or avoid entirely:

1. Cooking Oils

Safe to eat does not equal safe to pour. Olive oil, canola oil, or any other vegetable oil, grease runoff from cooked meats, even salad dressings can all congeal and cause clogs throughout not only the pipes in your home, but throughout your entire septic system.

2. Motor Oil

For the exact same reasons as above, plus one, you should never dispose of motor oil down your drains, or even in your yard. Motor oil is harmful to the environment and dangerous for the water supply.

3. Paints

Many consider washing hands or brushes out in the sink to be acceptable, though we would never recommend that to our customers. Paints and paint additives often contain additives that are toxic. These toxins can leach into your water supply once poured down your drains. In addition to the toxins, the paint have a tendency to congeal and cause clogs. You should never put any paints or varnishes down the drain.

4. Furniture Polish

Furniture polish can be extremely toxic. Poisoning from furniture polish can cause a vast array of damage to multiple systems of the body. Read the labels of all cleaning products before disposing for proper disposal instructions, or call the manufacturer.

5. Lye/Sodium Hydroxide (NaOh)/Caustic Soda

Your septic system depends on bacteria to break down the organic matter in your septic system. Lye can kill these bacteria, causing your septic to sludge up much quicker than it would otherwise. Lye can be found in most cleaners, and in reasonable amounts, it will not cause a huge problem. As a base, it affects pH level of anything it is added to and can increase the pH of your water supply above what is safe for consumption.

6. Drain Cleaners

Drain Cleaners such as Drano are generally lye based and can kill of the necessary bacteria in your septic tank.

7. Oven Cleaners

These are also lye based products and should be disposed of per manufacturer recommendations.

8. Pesticides

It's important to remember that anything that goes down your drain will eventually end up in the water table. Pesticides can be toxic in large quantities, and certain pesticides contain bacteriocides, or antimicrobials that can kill the necessary bacteria in your septic tank.

9. Photo Chemicals

Kodak and other popular photography companies do not recommend pouring darkroom chemicals into a septic. These products can be high in metals that can affect your septic system, as well as have a toxic effect on the water table.

10. Paint Thinners

Paint thinner is an extremely volatile chemical solution. If it mixes with acids, it can have a very bad reaction. (pouring paint thinner down your drain an hour before your spouse pours out vinegar could be a huge problem.) It's highly toxic and should never be mixed with anything other than oil based paints or substances specifically recommended by the manufacturer.

11. Varnishes

Varnish is not only toxic and harmful to the water supply, but it is designed to harden, which can cause serious problems for your septic system.

12. Antibiotics

In normal quantities, such as flushing the occasional prescription down the toilet, antibiotics will not have a major effect on your septic system's necessary bacteria. However, if attached to a residence with a large number of individuals taking such medications, such as a nursing home, etc, antibiotics can cause a lot of damage to your septic system.

13. Cleaners High in Phosphates

Detergents and other cleaners with phosphates are harmful to the environment. It depletes the vital oxygen that fish and other aquatic organisms spent on and can cause significant algae problems in nearby lakes and streams. If you live in a lake community where septic systems are prominent, please educate your neighbors and encourage the use of phosphate free detergents. Phosphorus is harmful to the environment, as it can deplete oxygen which is vital to fish and other aquatic organisms. The use of phosphate-free detergents, also helps prevent algae problems in nearby lakes and streams.

14. Cleaners High in Surfactants

It is recommended to use laundry detergents that are low in surfactants. Visually, you can notice high levels of surfactants based on how foamy or sudsy the water becomes. Many surfactants have poor anaerobic degradability in the septic tank and may inhibit hydrolysis (the chemical breakdown of a compound due to reaction with water.) This impacts the ability of your septic to break down solids. Surfactants have also been shown to negatively affect aquatic life in high levels.

15. Illegal Drug Manufacturing Chemicals

True story: A household involved in the illegal manufacturing of drugs was pouring the chemical byproduct down the sink, which in turn poisoned the well and poisoning the people who were manufacturing the drugs.

16. High Quantities of Household Acids

The most common household acid is vinegar. Normal levels of vinegar are perfectly safe to put into your septic, but if you had a case of apple cider vinegar that just didn't taste right anymore (vinegar doesn't go BAD as it's self preserving as an acid) or large quantities of citric acid perhaps used in candle-making or some other hobby, the drain is not the place to dispose of these as you could have a negative effect on the pH of your water table. Please note though, that vinegar-based cleaners are much safer for your septic than phosphate or surfactant based cleaners.

17. High Quantities of Household Bases

Ammonia and bleach are the most common household bases. As a rule, ammonia is one of the safer base chemicals to pour down your septic. Bleach is also relatively safe. However, if your cleaning business closes down and you decide to pour out all of your bottles of cleaner at once, you can affect the pH level of your water table in a negative way. It's important to be mindful about disposing of high quantities of anything besides water and check manufacturer labels for suggested alternatives for disposal.

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